In 1986, Takafumi Kaneko et al. Several of 2,000 Japanese cherry trees given to the citizens of Toronto by the citizens of Tokyo in 1959 were planted in High Park. Yoshino Cherry is a small deciduous grafted flowering cherry tree native to Japan. nudiflora, nov. var", "Prunus xyedoensis 'Somei-yoshino', a Correct Cultivar Name for Yoshino Cherry", "Studies on the origin of crop species by restriction endonuclease analysis of organellar DNA. Plant as a specimen or in small groups in a lawn or near a patio. Flowers are pure or snow-white in color for 2-3 weeks. N.C. Prunus × yedoensis, Prunus × yedoensis 'Somei-yoshino' or Yoshino cherry (Japanese: 染井吉野 Somei Yoshino) (synonym Cerasus × yedoensis) is a hybrid cherry of between Prunus speciosa (Oshima zakura) as father plant and Prunus pendula f. ascendens (Edo higan) as mother. A new name, 'Somei-yoshino' is proposed in accordance with other cultivars of Prunus × yedoensis.[13]. The flowers emerge before the leaves in early spring; they are fragrant, 3 to 3.5 centimeters (1.2–1.4 in) in diameter, with five white or pale pink petals. This plant is sometimes cited as Prunus serrulata 'Yedoensis', but parentage and origin are unknown. In fall, they warm up to burnished shades of bronze and … From the Edo period to the beginning of the Meiji period, gardeners and craftsman who made the village at Somei in Edo (now Komagome, Toshima ward, Tokyo) grew someiyoshino. Most studies show that Yoshino cherry is a hybrid between Prunus speciosa (Oshima zakura) and Prunus pendula f. ascendens (Edo higan). This findings suggests that P. pendula is female parent of P. yedoensis. The flowers grow in clusters of five or six together. Prunus × yedoensis is a small, deciduous tree that grows to be 5 to 12 meters (16–39 ft) (rarely 15 meters (49 ft)) tall at maturity. It works well as a street or shade tree in urban landscapes as it does not grow too large. Prunus × yedoensis, Prunus × yedoensis 'Somei-yoshino' or Yoshino cherry (Japanese: 染井吉野 Somei Yoshino) (synonym Cerasus × yedoensis) is a hybrid cherry of between Prunus speciosa (Oshima zakura) as father plant and Prunus pendula f. ascendens (Edo higan) as mother. It is the most commonly planted cherry tree in the Washington D.C. area. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Yoshino cherry trees on Pilgrim Hill in Central Park in New York City. II. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  This plant has viral and fungal disease problems, and is susceptible to borers and scale. The fruit is only marginally sweet to the human palate. Yoshino cherry showed no interplant variation of ctDNA and had the same ctDNA as P. pendula (Edo higan), differing from P. lannesiana (Oshima zakura) by a single HindIII restriction site. As the flowers wane, the oval-shaped, dark green leaves emerge and create a fresh summer canopy. This stand-out tree is, of course, known for its vibrant display of white-pink blossoms and faint almond fragrance in the springtime. [3][4] It is a clone from a single tree, and propagated by grafting to all over the world. [11][12], The Yoshino cherry has no scientific cultivar name because it is the original cultivar of this hybrid species Prunus × yedoensis. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. conducted molecular analysis using nuclear simple sequence repeat (SSR) polymorphisms to trace cultivar origins and Bayesian clustering based on the STRUCTURE analysis using SSR genotypes revealed that Yoshino cherry is a hybrid between, In 2015, Ikuo Nakamura et al. Many cultivars have been selected; notable examples include 'Akebono', 'Ivensii', and 'Shidare Yoshino'.[3]. The leaves are alternately arranged, 6 to 15 centimeters (2.4–5.9 in) long and 4 to 7 centimeters (1.6–2.8 in) broad, with a serrated margin; they are often bronze-toned when newly emerged, becoming dark green by summer. [8] However, after Ernest Henry Wilson suggested Yoshino cherry is a hybrid between Prunus subhirtella var. ascendens (Edo higan) and Prunus lannesiana (Oshima zakura) in 1916,[9] Yoshino cherry came to be called Prunus × yedoensis. carried out restriction endonuclease analysis on chloroplast ctDNA. The uniform crown has a spreading, rounded, inverted vase shape with fine branching. ‘Morioka-pendula’ (盛岡枝垂, Morioka-shidare), ‘Pendula’ (枝垂大臭桜), Shidare-ookusai-zakura, ‘Perpendens’ (枝垂染井吉野, Shidare-somei-yoshino), This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 12:38. [14] This is sometimes rendered as 'Somei-Yoshino'. In 1900, Yorinaga Fujino [ja] gave the Yoshino cherry the name Somei-yoshino after the famous place of cultivation, Somei village (current day Toshima). Foliage: Fall, yellow Bloom: Early spring, March-April;  Bark: Winter. This tree is frequently damaged by deer. [7] In 1901, Yoshino cherry was given a scientific name Prunus yedoensis by Jinzō Matsumura. It is espeically attracitve used as a foundation plant with red brick walls, contrasting the white and red. Fujino. [3][4], With its fragrant, light pink flowers, manageable size, and elegant shape, the Yoshino cherry is often used as an ornamental tree. Yoshino Cherry is a small deciduous grafted flowering cherry tree native to Japan. Although the fruit contain little flesh, it contains much concentrated red juice which can stain clothing and bricks. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Restriction analysis of ctDNA of 11 Prunus species", "Origins of Japanese flowering cherry (Prunus subgenus Cerasus) cultivars revealed using nuclear SSR markers", "Origin of Prunus × yedoensis 'Somei-yoshino' based on sequence analysis of PolA1 gene", "Analyses of Clonal Status in 'Somei-yoshino' and Confirmation of Genealogical Record in Other Cultivars of Prunus × yedoensis by Microsatellite Markers", "Diversity and breeding of flowering cherry in Japan", "The origin of flowering cherry on oceanic islands: The saga continues in Jeju Island", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Prunus_×_yedoensis&oldid=979903931, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In 1963, Takenaka assumed that Yoshino cherry is a hybrid between. This plant is sometimes cited as Prunus serrulata 'Yedoensis', but parentage and origin are unknown. it is 5-6 flowered. Inferences, from morphological classification and STRUCTURE analysis, on the origins of Japanese flowering cherry cultivars, "DNA fingerprinting study on the intraspecific variation and the origin of Prunus yedoensis (Someiyoshino)", "Analyses of clonal status in 'Somei-yoshino' and confirmation of genealogical record in other cultivars of Prunus ×yedoensis by microsatellite markers", "95 Prunus yedoensis var. conducted DNA fingerprinting study using different kinds of probes, M13 repeat sequence and (GACA), In 2014, Shuri Kato et al. Yoshino Cherry has a broader canopy with 70%-80% of glands in touch with the blade. Yoshino cherry, largest in Kasugayama forest, Nara. Petiole bears 2 or more large wart-like glands on petiole apex, one or more glands are commonly in contact with the blade base or on lower blade margin. [1][2] It occurs as a natural or artificial hybrid in Japan, and is now one of the most popular and widely planted cultivated flowering cherries (sakura) in temperate climates worldwide. Flowers have a slight almond fragrant. Prunus x yedoensis 'Shidare-Yoshino' (Yoshino Cherry) is a deciduous tree with a dramatic and graceful weeping habit. The fruit, a small cherry, is a globose drupe 8 to 10 millimeters (0.31–0.39 in) in diameter; they are an important source of food for many small birds and mammals, including robins and thrushes. Glossy bark with prominent horizontal lenticels add winter interest, Deciduous cherry tree with snow-white spring flowers, Leaf petiole with large wart-like glands in contact with blade margin, Leaves serrate bearing short-stalked glands. Blooming in early spring, its pendulous bare branches get smothered with generous clusters of brilliant white blossoms. [15] The National Cherry Blossom Festival is a spring celebration in Washington, D.C., commemorating the 1912 gift of Japanese cherry trees from Tokyo to the city of Washington. Bright green leaves are alternate, simple, elliptic, acuminate, rotund to broadly cuneate, serrate with inconspicuous short-stalked glands borne on tooth apex, and veins are pubescent below.

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