It contains a plethora of antioxidants, which may lower your risk of heart disease and several types of cancer. One study on the antioxidant compounds in 12 different cruciferous vegetables found over 40 unique flavonoids, a type of plant chemical, in watercress (1). There are many toxic wild plants and it is Vitamin K is a component of osteocalcin, a protein that makes up healthy bone tissue and helps regulate bone turnover (4, 25). A balanced diet high in nutrient-dense vegetables is correlated with a positive effect on bone health (24). Examine the environment encompassing the plant to see if it fits the requirements for watercress. However, there are two important things to consider when it comes to eating watercress: Due to its high vitamin K content (208%), watercress supports blood coagulation processes which means it might interfere with anticoagulant medication (blood thinners) if consumed in excessive amounts. Angiogenesis inhibitors block such processes induced by tumors and help prevent tumor vascularization. ), "Antioxidant activity and total phenolic content were the highest in rocket salad, watercress and Brussels sprouts. For optimal health, it is a good idea to choose the foods that contain the most nutrients. Without blood vessels to feed on, tumors are expected to eventually die or, at least, stop progressing. gluconasturtiin, which are in part responsible for its strong pungent Oxidative stress has been associated with several chronic illnesses including diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular disease (5). Diet plays a major role in heart health. The leaves are rounded like cultivated watercress when young and then can quickly develop a more pointed oblong shape. It flowers from March to October. Used as a common leafy green in the UK for centuries, it is also famed to have been one of the favorite wild medicinals used by Hippocrates, deemed "father of modern medicine." The leaflet edges are wavy. Watercress (Nasturtium officianale) comes from the genus Nasturtium. Cress sprouts, or "pepper grass", are usually not propagated from the Nasturtium officianale species but from others like Lepidium sativum and Barbarea verna. If left to progress, arterial calcification will ultimately lead to atherosclerosis and heart disease (stroke, heart attack). beta-carotene, zeaxanthin and lutein, which may help to lower risk of eye diseases Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. placed in water to remain fresh when stored for longer periods of time. Isothiocyanates comprise another class of dietary compounds known to influence the epigenome, a multitude of chemical constituents that can tell the genome, or DNA assembly, what to do. In some American states watercress is listed as a noxious and invasive weed species as it tends to take over waterways when the growing conditions are optimal. Water-loving plants adapted to submerged life contain … While PEITC is produced from the watercress glucosinolate: gluconasturtiin, sulforaphane is yet another glucosinolate produced, but from glucoraphanin constituent. Furthermore, watercress may help lower cholesterol, which can improve heart health. Fresh leaves tend to have a cooling effect, despite being pungent. Watercress, like many other plants, grows in full sun or partial shade, so that piece of information won't help much with identification. Its somewhat peppery flavor is reminiscent of related vegetables, like mustard greens and wasabi. Watercress also contains small amounts of vitamin E, thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin B6, folate, pantothenic acid, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium and copper (3). Additionally, one cup (34 grams) of watercress provides more than 100% of the RDI for vitamin K (3). Vitamin C stimulates the production of collagen, a principal structural protein in our body responsible for blood vessel, skin, etc. The liver fluke is a parasite also inhabiting sheep and can be transmitted to humans easily via infested foods. Flowers: Watercress has small, white, 4-petal flowers with yellow stamens. copyright © 2010-2020 Wild Edible, all rights reserved | Privacy Policy | Terms & Conditions. Excessive intake can cause burning urine and/or loose stools due to its potent bioactive components. Numerous rooting hairs are found just below the waterline. This abnormal calcium deposits are known as arterial calcification and can be prevented and reversed by means of an adequate vitamin K intake. Watercress grows in shallow running water so it is easy to find. (About Affiliates & Amazon Associate Paid Links, Cultivated Watercress - This variety can be grown from, Cress Sprouts - Sprouts or microgreens contain more health benefits when sprouted from the. And recent peer-reviewed science shows promising health potential for watercress: (Watercress supplementation in diet reduces lymphocyte DNA damage and alters blood antioxidant status in healthy adults. The 11 Most Nutrient-Dense Foods on the Planet, 15 Signs and Symptoms of Vitamin C Deficiency, How to Lose Weight Fast: 3 Simple Steps, Based on Science, Lutein and Zeaxanthin: Benefits, Dosage and Food Sources, 8 Nutrients That Will Optimize Your Eye Health. Watercress is packed with plant compounds called antioxidants that protect against cell damage caused by free radicals, which are harmful molecules that lead to oxidative stress. diet regimen or health program. What does watercress look like? One cup (34 grams) of watercress contains the following (3): As you can see, one cup (34 grams) of watercress provides over 100% of the RDI for vitamin K, a fat-soluble vitamin necessary for blood clotting and healthy bones (4). Rich in vitamin A as well as carotenoids with both antioxidant and vitamin A activity (beta-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin), watercress promotes eye health and helps maintain good vision. Seeds: Like other cresses and mustards, watercress flowers eventually yield long, narrow, erect green seed pods, or siliques. Here are the 15 most common signs and symptoms of vitamin C deficiency. Chinese watercress is … Eating them raw could cause harm. However, watercress may be a source of side effects when consumed in excessive amounts or too frequently and is contraindicated for anyone receiving blood thinning medication to treat blood clots. an herbal remedy for the treatment of scurvy, arthritis, gout and Kale . Lutein and zeaxanthin are carotenoids that pack a powerful antioxidant punch. good idea to wash it thoroughly to remove any potential contaminants or debris. It's also easy to gather by pulling clumps out by the roots if you don't mind cutting the roots off later. slightly bitter after it blossoms and produces seeds. Numerous studies have shown that lutein and zeaxanthin are essential for eye health (34). It is acknowledged as one of the oldest of the wild edible green species consumed by humans and, although once native to Europe and Asia, has now naturalized to many parts of the world conducive to its growth. Leaves and stems are also claimed to contain ample amounts of dietary iodine compared to other leafy green vegetables. Also see the benefits of garden cress. Moreover, I use watercress and heal my eyesight. ", (Effects of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Watercress (Nasturtium Officinale) Leaves on Serum Glucose and Lipid Levels in Diabetic Rats. All of these produce a spicy taste due to the plants defense shield referred to as the glucosinolate-myrosinase system.

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