The effects of drought ripple through economic sectors, communities, and ecosystems, leaving a variety of impacts in its wake. However, droughts can be disastrous in the long run. Lack or insufficient rainfall (or precipitation), Overexploitation of surface water resources, Blizzard: Causes, Effects and Interesting Facts, Trophic Levels and Energy Flow in a Food Chain, What is a Mineral and How do Minerals Form and it’s Properties, Can Squirrels Eat Bread? Those unable to cope with the skyrocketing prices of food grains and other products in the market will suffer from malnutrition. The California drought cost the state an estimated $3.8 billion in 2014-2016, the deepest two years of the drought. Almost three-quarters of the losses were in the southern Central Valley. The quality and health of surface water bodies such as rivers, streams, lakes, and ponds are enormously impacted. Top 10 Economic Predictions for the Next Decade, Hurricane Harvey Shows How Climate Change Can Impact the Economy, Why Floods Are a More Dangerous Threat Than Terrorism, Pay Attention to These 6 US Economic Trends and Protect Your Finances, The Green New Deal and How It Boosts the Economy, How Hurricane Ike Impacted the U.S. Economy, The Facts About Climate Change and Drought, Large Contribution From Anthropogenic Warming to an Emerging North American Megadrought. In times of drought, the lack of water can often cause a decline in crop yields, and thus a reduction in income for farmers and an increase in … "Unprecedented 21st Century Drought Risk in the American Southwest and Central Plains," Accessed March 5, 2020. What's Being Done? The soil could turn to dust that the wind can blow away (creating dust-bowl conditions). But the effects of drought are actually much more far-reaching and complex, as they affect the health, economy and stability of an area over time. Droughts compromise. A drought is a period of drier-than-normal conditions that results in water-related problems. The Positive Effects of Drought Wetlands have to dry out occasionally to provide good habitat for waterfowl. This increase in greenhouse gasses has resulted in warmer temperatures. Different sets of people have different definitions of drought. Farmers plant crops in anticipation of rains, and so when the rains fail, and irrigation systems are not in place, agricultural drought happens. Changes in climate, for instance, global warming can contribute to droughts. Advancing Earth and Space Science. Unlike meteorological droughts, hydrological droughts do not take place at the same time. She loves writing on topics related to space, environment, chemistry, biology, geology and geography. Many … (And Do They Mate With Other Species). 3. Crop farmers describe drought as the absence of moisture, which inhibits crop growth. This is because their destructive impacts are not instant. It’s hard to say what is a consequence of drought. Drought conditions can make grazing lands and hay fields hazardous for livestock, since lack of water causes increased concentrations of nitrates and prussic acid. Some of the effects of the federation drought were: - Economic depression - Labour strikes - Sheep and cattle numbers dropped from 91-54 million. For example, effects on agriculture can range from slowed plant growth to severe crop losses, while water supply impacts can range from lowered reservoir … This runoff creates larger and more frequent flash floods, by creating new flow patterns. The term "drought" generally has different degrees of meaning, depending upon the normal climate of the country where drought is occurring. Effects Of Drought On The Society. Mitigation strategies The most obvious mitigation strategy is to conserve the water supplies that already exist. At the current rate of use, it will dry up within the century. Drought strikes somewhere in the United States every year, turning green landscapes brown as precipitation falls below normal levels and water supplies dwindle. As a result, farmers will have to begin planting drought resistant crops, and portions of once humid east are becoming dryer. This involves drilling wells or buying water from far distances. The abrupt environmental changes and human mediated threats have drastically affected the hippopotami population (Zisadza et al., 2010) in low rainfall areas. Agriculture: Droughts affect livestock and crops, including cornerstone commodities like corn, soybeans, and wheat.


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