These include the manuscripts and early printed books preserved in the Sinai library, which is celebrated throughout the world for the antiquity and importance of its volumes. ST. CATHERINE’S, EGYPT - Egypt reopened on Saturday an ancient library that holds thousands of centuries-old religious and historical manuscripts at the famed St. Catherine Monastery, a … The sixth century mosaic was created at the behest of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian, who also requested building the monastery. Omissions? Saint Catherine’s Monastery, Greek Orthodox monastery situated on Mount Sinai more than 5,000 feet (1,500 metres) above sea level in a narrow valley north of Mount Mūsā in the Sinai peninsula. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The original gray granite walls (280 by 250 feet [85 by 76 metres]) still stand, and so does the church dedicated to the Virgin Mary, which was built at the same time. The abbot of the monastery, who is also the archbishop of Sinai, Paran, and Raithu, is elected by the brotherhood and consecrated by the Greek Orthodox patriarch of Jerusalem. From Cairo to Khartoum, sort out this facts in this African odyssey. Syriac Manuscripts 89. In 1930, construction began on a new building along the south wall, which was completed in 1951. “The most valuable manuscript in the library is the Codex Sinaiticus, (which) dates back to the fourth century,” said the Rev. In this severe and barren land, it is difficult to sustain life. It mosaic covers 46 square meters and features a rich chromatic range of glass paste, glass, stone, gold and silver tesserae. His group evaluated the 3,300 manuscripts held there and chose 1,687 for filming. The Muslim Bedouin Arabs who live near the monastery have always acted as its guards and have in turn been supported by it. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The monastery was a pilgrimage centre during the Middle Ages. But Sinai is more than a harsh desert. ST. CATHERINE’S, EGYPT - Egypt reopened on Saturday an ancient library that holds thousands of centuries-old religious and historical manuscripts at the famed St. Catherine Monastery, a UNESCO World Heritage site, in South Sinai. It was here, at the foot of Mount Sinai, that Moses is believed to have received the Ten Commandments from God. The library also held some ancient paintings that are on display in the monastery’s museum. Sinai was constructed by the Byzantine Emperor, Justinian I, in the late sixth century AD over the relics of the martyred saint and the place of the biblical burning bush as identified by St. Helena, the mother of the Roman Emperor, Constantine. Example: Syriac Manuscripts 89. After 1517 the Sinai formed part of the Ottoman…, St. Catherine’s, built by the Byzantine emperor Justinian (527–565) on the traditional site of the burning bush encountered by Moses near Mount Sinai, remains an active Greek Orthodox monastic community and is the seat of an autocephalous archbishop. • Official Website of the Holy Monastery of St. Catherine at Mount Sinai “This is the most precious manuscript in the world,” referring to the ancient, handwritten copy of the New Testament. Black Friday Sale! The tombs date back about 3,500 years and are located on the west bank of the river Nile. “There are beautiful paintings in the manuscripts. It also contains thousands of books and scrolls dating to the 4th century. Jesus Christ is depicted in its center between the prophets Elias and Moses. When you turn the (pages) there is a flash of gold and colors. The greater proportion of the manuscripts were copied in Greek, and then in Syriac, Georgian, Coptic, Armenian, Arabic, Ottoman Turkish, and Ethiopic, as well as Old Church Slavonic. A case of COVID-19 has been diagnosed in a staff member of the St. Catharines Public Library – Central Branch. In 1975 workmen accidentally penetrated a wall and discovered behind it a trove of some 3,000 additional manuscripts, including ancient biblical texts and other documents known but long lost, along with assorted works of art. "It's truly an exceptional day. And yet, it was here that hermits and anchorites came in the latter third and early fourth centuries, searching for places of solitude where they might pass their lives in prayer and fasting. This provided a centre for the scattered communities of Christians in the area, and the monastery served as a pilgrimage site throughout the Middle Ages. Among the find were missing parts of the Codex Sinaiticus, some 50 other incomplete codexes and 10 nearly complete ones, and other Greek texts in uncial script that shed new light on the history of Greek writing. At the same time the descriptions of the manuscripts as found in the Checklist have also been edited and updated. The monastery was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2002. Corrections? The library now consists of some 3,300 manuscripts, and some 8,000 early printed books, together with 5,000 new books. Ethiopic Manuscripts 1. Deep in the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt, in a region of wilderness made up of granite rock and rugged mountains, lies the town of Saint Catherine. Premium Membership is now 50% off! In 1949, Kenneth W. Clark, led an expedition to the Middle East under the Auspices of the Library of Congress and its partners, to microfilm old manuscripts in various libraries of the Middle East, the largest and most isolated of which was that at St. Catherine’s. Egypt authorities announced Saturday that archaeologists had discovered two small ancient tombs in Luxor, a southern city. Psalter and Praise of Mary. During the 7th century the monastery provided a centre of refuge for scattered communities of Christians threatened by the rise of Islam. Even more numerous documents were found in various Semitic, Afro-Asiatic (formerly Hamito-Semitic), and Indo-European languages, dating from the 6th century and earlier. The microfilm collection is in the custody of the Humanities and Social Sciences Division, where it still may be requested. The staff is in quarantine at home. Updates? Its well-preserved walls and buildings are of great significance to the studies Byzantine architecture.

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