The southern colonies were made up of mostly coastal plains and piedmont areas. With no large cities in the colonies, social life revolved around plantation and farm life. In 1742 the colony was invaded by the Spanish during the War of Jenkins' Ear. The Trustees implemented an elaborate plan for the settlement of the colony, known as the Oglethorpe Plan, which envisioned an agrarian society of Yeoman farmers and prohibited slavery. Calvert came from a wealthy Catholic family and was the first individual (rather than a joint-stock company) to receive a grant from the Crown. This lesson will focus on the southern style of colonial architecture namely, georgian and french. The Colony of Virginia (also known frequently as the Virginia Colony or the Province of Virginia, and occasionally as the Dominion and Colony of Virginia) was an English colony in North America which existed briefly during the 16th century, and then continuously from 1607 until the American Revolution (as a British colony after 1707[11]). THE SOUTHERN COLONIES Virginia It was founded by the London Company ( Virginia Company) for profit … Sir William Berkeley, the colony's governor, sent explorers over the Blue Ridge Mountains to open up the back country of Virginia to settlement. A large supply of labor was needed, but they did not necessarily need to be skilled. However, the Act did little to help religious peace. From the time the colonists arrived to North America and began colonizing up until the end of some colonies each colony was different in their own ways. Colonial architecture is most prominent in new england and the southern united states. The Southern Colonies within British America consisted of the Province of Maryland,[1] the Colony of Virginia, the Province of Carolina (in 1712 split into North and South Carolina) and the Province of Georgia. colonial architecture reigned supreme for about 200 years, from 1600 to 1800. Other articles where Southern colonial style is discussed: Western architecture: Colonial architecture in North America: (5) The Southern colonial flourished in Maryland, Virginia, and the Carolinas. This predominantly rural area offered rich farmland and a warm, humid climate, ideal for crops like tobacco, cotton and grain. Subscribe to our e-mail newsletter to receive updates. Much of the labor on the farms and plantations was done by slaves brought over from Africa. While other colonies were being founded, Virginia continued to grow. In 1654, Protestants barred Catholics from voting, ousted a pro-tolerance Governor, and repealed the Toleration Act. National Origin of Settlers Southern settlers were mostly English. The name Virginia was first applied by Sir Walter Raleigh and Queen Elizabeth I in 1584. [5] Led by Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, the Province of Carolina was controlled from 1663 to 1729 by these lords and their heirs. Southern Colonies Characteristics. this lead to slavery in the southern colonies. Calvert was forced to take control and pass the Maryland Toleration Act in 1649, making Maryland the second colony to have freedom of worship, after Rhode Island. You are welcome.... Barbara Shukin: You daughter has good taste! Colonial architecture is most prominent in new england and the southern united states. Southern Colonial House Style Characteristics See. The Province of Carolina, originally chartered in 1608, was an English and later British colony of North America. Melissa: Hi there!We're working on a 13 Colonies book and ... Matt: This is a great write up.. clear and concise!! the History Portfolio Series can capture the inspiration. The Southern Colonies within British America consisted of the Province of Maryland, the Colony of Virginia, the Province of Carolina (in 1712 split into North and South Carolina) and the Province of Georgia. These colonies would become the historical core of what would become the Southern United States, or "Dixie". Shaftesbury and his secretary, the philosopher John Locke, devised an intricate plan to govern the many people arriving in the colony. They were the backbone of the Southern economy. This lesson will focus on the southern style of colonial architecture namely, georgian and french. In 1691, dissent over the governance of the province led to the appointment of a deputy governor to administer the northern half of Carolina. Teaching Writing Skills 1st - 8th grade - Organization is Key | Teacher's GardenTeacher's Garden: […] out this post on the background to the C... Barbara Shukin: Great! The British colony of Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe on February 12, 1733. The land was rich for farming, and the season was long because of the climate. Settlers in the Southern colonies came to America to seek economic prosperity they could not find in Old England. In 1752, after the government failed to renew subsidies that had helped support the colony, the Trustees turned over control to the Crown, and Georgia became a Crown colony, with a governor appointed by the king. On a plantation, money crops were raised like tobacco, rice, and indigo. Characteristics of the Southern Colonies: Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Maryland. Slaves and indentured servants, although present in the North, were much more important to the South. After the English Civil War in the mid 17th century, the Virginia Colony was nicknamed "The Old Dominion" by King Charles II for its perceived loyalty to the English monarchy during the era of the Commonwealth of England. These colonies had a wide coastal plain leading to rolling hills. Use Picture Stories for discussion starters. The 13 original colonies of what would become the United States were divided into three geographical regions--the New England colonies, the Middle colonies and the Southern colonies. Plantation owners hired tutors to teach their children.

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