Meaning either the knowledge of himself, such as God had of him. The Hebrew does not…, As in Revelation 13:8, the clause “from the foundation” (apo kataboleis) need not mean “from before the foundation” but simply “from the foundation” (= since the foundation). First, even if this verse said that the exact length of our life is settled before we’re born, it wouldn’t follow that everything about the future is settled before we’re born. 3:5). Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 16  Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect; and in thy book all my members were written, which in continuance were fashioned, when as yet there was none of them. As mentioned above, the theme of verses 13 through 15 is the formation of the psalmist’s body in the womb. It is thus not clear whether what was planned was the days of the psalmist’s life or rather parts of the psalmist’s body. It reads: “Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unformed; and in thy book all my members were written, which in continuance were fashioned, when as yet there was none of them.”. Psalm 139 is a beautiful poetic expression of God’s personal moment-by-moment involvement in our lives. King James Version Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect; and in thy book all my members were written, which in continuance were fashioned, when as yet there was none of them. So intimate is his involvement that he knows our thoughts before we utter them (vs. 2–4). Proud member This is a simplified translation of the original Hebrew word. Hezekiah’s success in changing God’s mind regarding the length of his life supports this perspective (Isa. Through Greg’s Facebook and Twitter, we’ve been getting some great feedback and questions regarding his cross-centered approach to Scripture. Rather, throughout history, in response to the choices…, IX Contemporary Science, Free Will and Time. First, as a matter of…. Doesn’t Psalm 139:16 refute the open view of the future? how great is the sum of them! Hence this verse has been frequently cited in support of the classical view of the future. “In your book were written all the days that were formed for me, when none of them as yet existed.”. “Thine eyes did see my substance, yet being unperfect; and in thy book all my members were written, which in continuance were fashioned, when as yet there was none of them.”. PSALM 139:16. Topics: Open Theism, Responding to Objections Even if the poetic genre of the verse isn’t enough to discourage someone from trying to resolve a metaphysical issue on this basis, the ambiguity of the verse itself should certainly be enough. 15  My substance was not hid from thee, when I was made in secret, and curiously wrought in the lowest parts of the earth. Today we would be going through the book of Psalm 139, the meaning verse by verse. If the exact number of days we shall live is settled in God’s mind, they argue, the whole of the future must be settled as well. The NKJV is an example of a translation that decided on the latter meaning. An interpretation of this verse that continues the author’s poetic expression of the remarkable care that the Lord took in forming his body seems most appropriate. It is David's appeal of a good conscience unto God, against the malicious suspicions and calumnies of men, in Ps 139:1-24. To get what Psalm 139:16 means based on its source text, scroll down or follow these links for the original scriptural meaning , biblical context and relative popularity. God can predetermine and/or foreknow a great many things about the future without predetermining and/or foreknowing everything about the future. What was written was not all the psalmist’s days, but only those days that were formed (or “ordained”) before they yet existed. Tags: Open Theism, Q&A Use this reference information to gain deeper insight into the Bible and enrich your understanding. If it was not premeditated, but came about by an act of God, then I will appoint for you a place to which the killer may flee.” Compatibilists sometimes argue that this passage shows that fatal accidents are acts of God. 18  If I should count them, they are more in number than the sand: when I awake, I am still with thee. Quotes available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 17  How precious also are thy thoughts unto me, O God! If this interpretation is accepted, then we cannot conclude anything about the settledness of the future from it. Some of the Jewish doctors are of opinion that this is the most excellent of all the psalms of David; and a very pious devout meditation it is upon the doctrine of God’s omniscience, which we should therefore have our hearts fixed upon and filled with in singing this psalm. Three things may be said. The notion that what God ordains is necessarily unalterable is foreign to the Hebrew mind. →. Follow the buttons on the right to get more detail. Popularity rankings are based on search volume data from the Google AdWords Keyword Planner tool. Darby Bible Translation Follow either of the two large buttons below to see these verses in their broader context of the King James Bible or a Bible concordance. And he was personally involved in the formation of our bodies while we were in the womb (vs. 13–16). This rendition of the verse, though admittedly awkward, has the advantage of consistency with the immediate context of the verse. Category: Q&A Use the scale on the left to tell how often the verses below are googled compared to each other. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Scripture elsewhere suggests that what is written in the Lord’s book of life can be changed (Exod. Is it not I, the Lord?” According to some compatibilists, this passage teaches that all infirmities are willed by God. Which was vastly superior to what he had of himself. Chapter 139. This assumption, in case it is true, does not conflict with the open view perspective which simply says that not everything about us is determined and/or foreknown. Whole Psalm. 32:33; Rev. There is one Psalm which it were well if Christians would do by it as Pythagoras by his Golden Precepts, --every morning and evening repeat it. But this claim contradicts all the explicit declarations in Scripture which state that God does frequently modify his plans and…, “Whoever strikes a person mortally shall be put to death. As with king Josiah which we examined above (1 Kings 13:2-3), it is possible that certain events are preordained for many of us prior to our birth. See Psalm 139:16 with its adjacent verses in bold below. How do you respond to Genesis 45:5; 50:20? And I will execute great vengeance upon them, love the Lord your God with all your heart, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, An eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy, a fountain (as the eye of the landscape), To see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitive, intransitive and causative), A wrapped (and unformed mass, i.e., as the embryo), Above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications, Properly, writing (the art or a document); by implication, a book, Properly, the whole; hence, all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense), To grave, by implication, to write (describe, inscribe, prescribe, subscribe), A day (as the warm hours), whether literal (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figurative (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverb), To mould into a form; especially as a potter; figuratively, to determine (i.e., form a resolution), Properly, united, i.e., one; or (as an ordinal) first, Not (the simple or abs. This interpretation can be understood to imply that certain events were predestined about this person’s life before he was born, though within the parameters of this predestined outline, his life is free. v. 7). Follow the buttons in the right-hand column for detailed definitions and verses that use the same root words. His loving presence surrounds us at every moment, wherever we go (vs. 5–12). Several have voiced questions similar to the reader’s (below), so we thought it would be helpful to post Greg’s answer here on his blog. Salem Media Group. Joseph later says, “Even though you intended to do harm to me, God intended it for good, in order to preserve a numerous people…”…, “The Lord says to Moses, “Who gives speech to mortals? The Psalm shows God’s knowledge of man. Answering an Objection to a Cross-Centered Approach to Scripture. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. This Psalm 139 can be rendered as a song of praise to God for being all-knowing. What does this verse really mean? of This page was last modified on September 15, 2017, at 5:17 AM.

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