The hurricane's intense winds, waves, rains and storm surge were responsible for at least 45 deaths across ten countries and caused estimated damages of US$1.66 billion. More than 1,000 schools and churches were converted to emergency shelters, but residents only occupied 47 of them before the storm's arrival. Donations solicited by international aid organizations joined national funds in clearing roads, rebuilding houses, and replanting destroyed crops. Accurate forecasts of the storm's location and intensity enabled thorough preparations; nevertheless when the massive storm made landfall on the Yucatán Peninsula as a catastrophic Category 5 hurricane on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale it damaged thousands of homes. Hurricane Dean entered the Caribbean as a Category 2 hurricane through the Saint Lucia Channel on August 17. The effects of Hurricane Dean in Mexico were more severe than anywhere else in the storm's path. The Lesser Antilles and the Greater Antilles were especially quick to resume servicing cruise lines, as their ports opened within days. First impacting the islands of the Lesser Antilles, Dean's path through the Caribbean devastated agricultural crops, particularly those of Martinique and Jamaica. [142], Belize's agricultural sector received significant damage. The Jamaican government executed long-standing evacuation plans, including converting the country's national arena into a shelter and relocating inmates from two maximum security prisons. The state's tourist cities of Cancún and Cozumel were spared the worst of the storm, but it wreaked havoc in the state capital Chetumal, 40 mi (65 km) south of landfall, causing significant flooding. It passed Jamaica as a Category 4 hurricane, and strengthened to a Category 5 storm as it made landfall on Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula on August 21. [120], Haiti and the Dominican Republic, which share the island of Hispaniola, were spared much of the hurricane's force, as it passed 170 mi (270 km) south of them. With the help of JA$1.1 billion (US$15.5 million) of aid from the EU's Banana Support Programme, thousands of acres were replanted. [12] The National Commission of Water spent another $25 million (US$2.47 million) of federal funds repairing the damaged infrastructure for irrigation and drinking water. [108] The Ministry of Education reported that 11 schools had sustained a combined total of EC$300,000 of damage,[109] and nationwide damage to housing and buildings totaled EC$800,000. It strengthened into a major hurricane,[nb 1] reaching Category 5 status on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale before passing just south of Jamaica on August 20. The state's tourist cities of Cancún and Cozumel were spared the worst of the storm, but it wreaked havoc in the state capital Chetumal, some 40 mi (65 km) south of landfall, causing significant flooding. [11], Intensification continued,[12] and the storm was upgraded to Hurricane Dean at 5 am EDT (0900 UTC) August 16. Grace contributes to the formation of the 1991 … The cost to the agriculture industry was $13.2 million, bringing Hurricane Dean's total cost on the island to $17.3 million (US$6.4 million in 2007) or 0.5% of the nation's GDP. [9] With 20,000 food packages ready, the state of Yucatán, Quintana Roo's neighbor to the northwest, declared a green alert indicating a low but significant level of danger. Martinique experienced 75 mph (120 km/h) winds with gusts to 105 mph (170 km/h). Caribbean and Mexico: Hurricane Dean", "México: El Presidente Calderón en la entrega de viviendas a damnificados por el Huracán Dean", "Ministry in the aftermath of Hurricane Dean", "Mas de 2 mil millones de pesos los daños por dean en Quinta Roo", "Much Hurricane Dean damage at Mexico's Puerto Costa Maya",, Articles with dead external links from May 2017, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 08:31. The hurricane's outer bands swept over Cuba between August 19 and August 21, bringing heavy rain and high seas, yet sparing the island damaging winds. Although the second landfall did not bring winds as intense as the first, it brought more rainfall and caused devastating landslides in the states of Veracruz and Tabasco. [71] In anticipation of evacuations, the Texas Department of Transportation began working on extra evacuation lanes and contraflow. A parking lot at the airport is washed out, along with several vehicles that were parked. [145] More than 1000 people were out of work as a result of the damage to the papaya and sugar cane plantations. Members of President Felipe Calderón's Partido Accion Nacional (PAN) distributed bags of bread, funded by the nation's disaster relief coffers, carrying the party's logo. [1] On August 17, at the request of the Quintana Roo state government, which was expecting their state to suffer a direct hit, the Civil Protection Office of Mexico's federal Interior Ministry declared a state of emergency for the entire state. Evidently the country's high crime rate led islanders to fear for their belongings should they abandon their homes. Cuba's Civil Defense evacuated 350,000 people from the coastal provinces. [13] The U.S. State Department urged its citizens in Quintana Roo, Yucatán, and Campeche to prepare for the storm and to evacuate if necessary. [1] Between the two landfalls the storm caused a total of Mex$2 billion (US$184 million) of damages. [168], Although Dean's landfall in Mexico occurred in a relatively uninhabited area and the storm's well-predicted track gave ample warning, the storm inflicted extreme damage. [23] Operationally, Dean was thought to have only been a Category 4 on the 18th, but post-storm analysis shows that Dean had become a 165 miles per hour (265 km/h) Category 5 on that day. [61] Curfews were put in place for parts of the island, while off-duty essential personnel were called back to work. [1], Residents in Veracruz stocked up on essential supplies, especially food and water, ahead of the storm's second landfall. [154], Francois Fillon then visited Guadaloupe and brought with him a team of experts from the Ministry of the Interior to assess the nature and cost of the damage. [28] A concentric eyewall was briefly observed again on the morning of August 20, but did not last long. [1] Quintana Roo Governor Félix González Canto reported that although the cleanup in the state capital of Chetumal was completed within three weeks, it took more than six months to fix all of the region's rural roads. [35], As with its first landfall, Hurricane Dean damaged crops throughout its impact area. [79][80] Authorities also evacuated Belize City's three hospitals, moving high-risk patients inland to the capital Belmopan. It strengthened briefly before making a second landfall near Tecolutla in the Mexican state of Veracruz on August 22. [40], The federal government was initially lauded for its swift and thorough preparation to which most observers, including the United Nations, attributed Dean's low death toll. There were places ready to accommodate 10,000 people for 15 days if necessary. [64] It evacuated 13,360 workers from more than 140 oil platforms, using 55 boats and 29 helicopters.


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