A synthesis matrix helps you organize the main points of each book, article, or other information resource you use. Organizing a Literature Review . Literature Review Matrix As you read and evaluate your literature there are several different ways to organize your research. This is because you've just finished reading Moby Dick, and you wonder if that whale's portrayal is really real. You start with some articles about the physiology of sperm whales in biology journals written in the 1980's. Read more by . This is because you've just finished reading Moby Dick, and you wonder if that whale's portrayal is really real. You start with some articles about the physiology of … In other words, a chronological review would have subsections for each vital time period. But there is relatively no continuity among subjects here. You start with some articles about the physiology of sperm whales in biology journals written in the 1980's. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Writing a Literature Review. 199 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<2BA3CFF30281E94C99D7A0D0BEAFC7C4>]/Index[182 26]/Info 181 0 R/Length 81/Prev 54586/Root 183 0 R/Size 208/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream For instance, you could order a review of literature on biological studies of sperm whales if the progression revealed a change in dissection practices of the researchers who wrote and/or conducted the studies. Questions for Further Research: What questions about the field has the review sparked? You should have a rough idea of your strategy before you start writing. A thematic review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue. How will you further your research as a result of the review? You've decided to focus your literature review on materials dealing with sperm whales. Put the sentences in the correct order and then explain how you arrived at the correct answer. A synthesis matrix helps you organize the main points of each book, article, or other information resource you use. Literature Review Examples. Literature Review Examples. A methodological approach differs from the two above in that the focusing factor usually does not have to do with the content of the material. They should arise out of your organizational strategy. %%EOF Once you've decided on the organizational method for the body of the review, the sections you need to include in the paper should be easy to figure out. However, a literature review's objective is not just to list out summaries of sources; rather, it is to notice a central trend or principle seen within all of the publications. endstream endobj startxref Exercise: Sentences from a literature review are given below. Depending on the length of your literature review, you can combine several of these strategies (for example, your overall structure might be thematic, but each theme is discussed chronologically). h�b```�\F``��0p\`������p$*�s�2:8@"�����QDs{pz�k�w(bTgZ��é�����eUX9+c�+�#8�� �d`�:2�� � However, progression of time may still be an important factor in a thematic review. �� BH0+�X� �D��u �D���5}$��g`bdp�q� ~ �� Where might the discussion proceed? Introduction: Gives a quick idea of the topic of the literature review, such as the central theme or organizational pattern. More authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order. You've decided to focus your literature review on materials dealing with sperm whales. Then your review would have subsections according to eras within this period. And notice that even though the sources on sperm whales in other art and on American whaling are written recently, they are about other subjects/objects that were created much earlier. It allows you to see how the sources relate to each other and helps guide your writing. CHRONOLOGICAL (by date): This is one of the most common ways, especially for topics that have been talked about for a long time and have changed over their history. The only difference here between a "chronological" and a "thematic" approach is what is emphasized the most: the development of the harpoon or the harpoon technology. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. For instance, first you would talk about the British biological studies of the 18th century, then about Moby Dick, published in 1851, then the book on sperm whales in other art (1968), and finally the biology articles (1980s) and the recent articles on American whaling of the 19th century. Discussion section B. Group/stack articles into categories based on what you’ve scanned: a. %PDF-1.5 %���� It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. 0 Step 5: Analyze the Literature. Dr David Baker. First few paragraphs 3. Instead, it focuses on the "methods" of the researcher or writer. Body: Contains your discussion of sources and is organized either chronologically, thematically, or methodologically (see below for more information on each). You've decided to focus your literature review on materials dealing with sperm whales. Thus, the review loses its chronological focus. Then you look up a book written in 1968 with information on how sperm whales have been portrayed in other forms of art, such as in Alaskan poetry, in French painting, or on whale bone, as the whale hunters in the late 19th century used to do. A review organized in this manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made. This is because you've just finished reading Moby Dick, and you wonder if that whale's portrayal is really real. To help you come up with an overall organizational framework for your review, consider the following scenario and then three typical ways of organizing the sources into a review: You've decided to focus your literature review on materials dealing with sperm whales. Indeed, a good literature review is not just a summary of published texts, but rather a digestible synthesis of the relevant literature.

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