The Houston area has over 150 active faults (estimated to be 300 active faults) with an aggregate length of up to 310 miles (500 km),[76][77][78] including the Long Point–Eureka Heights fault system which runs through the center of the city. Nineteen percent of the population and 16% of families were below the poverty line. It is where one of the first—and still the largest—air emergency service, Life Flight, was created, and an inter-institutional transplant program was developed. [200], In 2008, Houston received top ranking on Kiplinger's Personal Finance "Best Cities of 2008" list, which ranks cities on their local economy, employment opportunities, reasonable living costs, and quality of life. [194], The University of Houston System's annual impact on the Houston area's economy equates to that of a major corporation: $1.1 billion in new funds attracted annually to the Houston area, $3.13 billion in total economic benefit, and 24,000 local jobs generated. Houston's climate is classified as humid subtropical (Cfa in the Köppen climate classification system), typical of the Southern United States. [316] A plurality of survey respondents also indicated that traffic congestion was the most significant problem facing the metropolitan area. The area's percentage of individuals who reported having psychiatric distress was twice the U.S. national average. As of 2011, 22% of Greater Houston residents were born in another country. In addition, Hispanics made up 37.4% of Houston's population in 2000, while non-Hispanic whites made up 30.8%. Due to the boom in defense jobs, thousands of new workers migrated to the city, both blacks and whites competing for the higher-paying jobs. [146][147][148] A 2012 Kinder Institute report found that, based on the evenness of population distribution between the four major racial groups in the United States (non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Hispanic or Latino, and Asian), Greater Houston was the most ethnically diverse metropolitan area in the United States, ahead of New York City. [14], Houston's foreign-born population increased by 400,000 in a ten-year span ending in 2010. KUHT (Houston Public Media) is a PBS member station and is the first public television station in the United States. The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 removed the quotas, allowing for the growth of other religions. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, a mini-boom of midrise and highrise residential tower construction occurred, with several over 30 stories tall. Locations in Houston are generally classified as either being inside or outside the Interstate 610 loop. [255] The event had a 5-year race contract through 2017 with IndyCar. Houston was the headquarters of Continental Airlines until its 2010 merger with United Airlines with headquarters in Chicago; regulatory approval for the merger was granted in October of that year. [133][137] An estimated 42.9% of Houstonians owned housing units with an average of 2.67 persons per household. Greater Houston's arterial road network is established at the municipal level, with the City of Houston exercising planning control over both its incorporated area and extraterritorial jurisdiction (ETJ). Houston Bcycle (also known as B-Cycle), a local non-profit, runs the subscription program, supplying bicycles and docking stations, while partnering with other companies to maintain the system. A third, 180-mile (290 km) loop with a radius of approximately 25 miles (40 km), State Highway 99 (the Grand Parkway), is currently under construction, with six of eleven segments completed as of 2018[update]. [243] The city also has over 200 additional green spaces—totaling over 19,600 acres (79 km2) that are managed by the city—including the Houston Arboretum and Nature Center. Uptown became one of the most prominent instances of an edge city. [129] The 2019 census estimates determined a population of 2,320,268 and the American Community Survey 2,316,797,[7][130] citing a slight decline due to suburbanization. The largest foreign languages in Houston included Spanish and Spanish creole (679,292 speakers), Vietnamese (26,125 speakers), Chinese (24,234 speakers), African indigenous languages (11,603 speakers), and Urdu of Pakistan (10,669 speakers). 1.5%. 95.7k. African Americans formed a large part of the city's population, numbering 23,929 people, which was nearly one-third of Houston's residents. [213] Another large celebration is the annual night-time Houston Gay Pride Parade, held at the end of June. Buffalo Bayou runs through Downtown and the Houston Ship Channel, and has three tributaries: White Oak Bayou, which runs through the Houston Heights community northwest of Downtown and then towards Downtown; Brays Bayou, which runs along the Texas Medical Center;[72] and Sims Bayou, which runs through the south of Houston and Downtown Houston. [169] The same study says that area residents identifying with other religions (including Judaism, Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism) collectively made up about 7% of the area population. [114] The majority of rainfall occurs between April and October (the wet season of Southeast Texas), when the moisture from the Gulf of Mexico evaporates extensively over the city. Yet, interpretive analysis is the anchor, which dispenses the use […]. In addition to developing new streets and single-family housing within a floodplain, a flowing flood-water stream termed a floodway runs through the development area, a most dangerous place to encounter during any future flooding event. Much of the city's wealthier areas vote Republican while the city's working class and minority areas vote Democratic. [61] Due to the industrial infrastructure in and around Houston, natural disasters like Hurricane Harvey have also led to numerous toxic spills and disasters, including the 2017 Arkema plant explosion. After Hurricane Harvey this sudden change of heart seems likely to have been motivated by the prospect of additional tax revenues. There are also many charter schools that are run separately from school districts. [118] Excessive man-made emissions in the Houston area led to a persistent increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide over the city. The Houston Dynamo is a Major League Soccer franchise that has been based in Houston since 2006, winning two MLS Cup titles in 2006 and 2007. As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,953,631 people in 717,945 households, including 457,330 families, in the city. Sizable numbers, however, came through the domestic slave trade. In 2018 the highest paid race/ethnicity of Texas workers was Asian. [245] The Houston Rockets are a National Basketball Association franchise based in the city since 1971. As many as 40% of residents refused to leave Galveston Island because they feared the type of traffic problems that had happened after Hurricane Rita. Located near the Museum District are The Menil Collection, Rothko Chapel, the Moody Center for the Arts and the Byzantine Fresco Chapel Museum. On March 4, 2020, Drs. The two began […]. Ethno-racial composition by age cohort as a percentage of the total population. [15] In 2015 about 25% of the residents of Harris County, over one million persons, were immigrants. [109] During the mid-2010s, Greater Houston experienced consecutive major flood events in 2015 ("Memorial Day"),[111] 2016 ("Tax Day"),[112] and 2017 (Hurricane Harvey). There were 14,891 boardings and alightings in FY2008,[327] 20,327 in FY2012,[328] and 20,205 in FY2018. [208] Also in 2013, Houston again appeared on Forbes' list of "Best Places for Business and Careers". In September 2010, Outreach Magazine published a list of the 100 largest Christian churches in the United States, and inside the list were the following Houston-area churches: Lakewood, Second Baptist Church Houston, Woodlands Church, Church Without Walls and First Baptist Church. [16] The number of people born outside of the United States in the Houston area increased by 400,000 between 2000 and 2010. Percentages of the non-English groups who said that they spoke English at least "very well" include 42% of the Spanish speakers, 32% of the Vietnamese speakers, 49% of the Chinese speakers, 72% of the speakers of indigenous African languages, and 70% of the speakers of Urdu.


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