Prepared by Peter Landschoot, professor of turfgrass science. In turfgrasses, ligules may be membranous, hairy, or entirely absent. The majority of Northern lawns are a combination of Kentucky bluegrass, ryegrass, and fescues. Carpet grass, while a very different species, needs the same care and looks very similar in a lawn to centipede except that it produces a crabgrass-like seed head, and does not have hairs along the edges of the leaves. It has stiff leaf blades and will produce numerous seed heads if it isn't mowed. Diagram of turfgrass leaf tips showing keeled, and flat and pointed. Bent  |  Bermuda  |  Dichondra  |  Fine Fescue  |  Kentucky Bluegrass  | Ryegrass  |  St. Augustine/Floratam  |  Tall Fescue  |  Zoysia  | Centipede | Bluegrass/Rye/Fescue. Certain turfgrass species have a glossy appearance on the underside of the leaf blade, whereas others are dull (not glossy). Leaf blades have certain characteristics that are useful in turfgrass identification. It is often referred to as "Floratam," which is a variety of St. Augustine grass. Blade: Hair-like, fine tip, 1/16” or less, Popularity: Northeast to North Central U.S. (depending on species). Color/Texture: Dark green, coarse, spongy. Because it grows horizontally, it requires less mowing and is easy to edge around garden beds and sidewalks. Diagrams and descriptions of identifying features of cool-season turfgrass species are provided in this section. The seed head contains three to eight narrow spikes. However, it requires less fertilizer than other warm-season types. Color/Texture: Pale to bright green, dense, Growth: Broadleaf species; mow like grass. There are about a dozen different grasses, and most lawns contain a mixture of them. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. Some species have leaf blades with a single prominent vein running lengthwise down the center of the blade. %%EOF Fall isn’t just for pumpkin spice and picking apples. Carpet grass, while a very different species, needs the same care and looks very similar in a lawn to centipede except that it produces a crabgrass-like seed head, and does not have hairs along the edges of the leaves. Depending on the species, ligules can be membranous, a fringe of hairs, or absent (Fig. 2). It grows well from seed, and is a popular choice for sod farms in the North. Recognizing difference among these seed head types can be useful in distinguishing among the cool-season turfgrass species. View our privacy policy. that do best with extreme temperature fluctuations, such as those found in the North, Northeast, and Pacific Northwest. Find everything you need to know about grass and grass seed at Scotts. For example, if you pick a Northern weed control for a Southern lawn, you could actually harm it and then, yikes, you’ve got a problem, Houston. [c}�z�.�C�6�`m0���k�n�c�@�+2��{�;jW;�p�m6����{cB-�K�qC�>�v���z����� The name "fine fescue" is actually a collective term for the various species of grasses in this group: red, chewings, hard, and sheep. Zoysia is found mostly in and from the middle part of the U.S. and east toward the Carolinas. None of the cool-season turfgrasses have ligules that appear as a fringe of hairs, but this feature is common on many weed grasses and most warm-season turfgrasses. Figure 5. Ryegrass can tolerate heavy foot traffic, but does not tolerate extreme cold or drought conditions. It has a deep, green color and excellent texture. Although seed head characteristics are among the best identifying features of turfgrass species, they are often removed by mowing. 322 0 obj <> endobj When combined correctly, these types will form a dense turf that is acceptable for most Northern lawns in the U.S. Color/Texture: Soft with coarse mix, dense. 3A). Color/Texture: Light green, dense, soft. Fescues (both tall and fine) are often found in mixes due to their tolerance of shade, foot traffic, cold, and drought. Centipede grass spreads above the ground through stolons and forms a dense turf. Leaves with rolled vernation are circular or "rolled" in the shoot and do not have folds (Fig. Usually, though, lawns fall into one of these two types: It’s important to know your grass type so you can take the best possible care of your lawn. The Seed Head. Others have many equal-sized veins (no dominant mid-vein) running lengthwise over the entire width of the leaf blade (Fig. To develop successful lawn management programs and avoid problems, you must be able to identify turfgrass species. Occasionally, it will be found in areas of California. N|;��[P�{���X>����F�:z� E�ȅ�-n.���b��jn|�R���D�Ks[��XX́��\�p����o7��ï���P�;�������Z㼍�ps������L��m���-��`� v��H�:&�Ӽ� \nή�"Y�ل��`�f?�d��4@�3��W��o�c���wj�B�졏�x�~��>��'�W�}�q(#%1�5�{�2���!Vn�Z*�k�=� y:���ԌR!������j�Æ:d�. h�b```c``Z������� ̀ �@v�Ef&� Bermuda grass makes for a nice home lawn because it can tolerate a very low mowing height, which is also a reason it is widely used on golf courses in the South. Whether you are just starting out, maintaining or troubleshooting, you'll find advice and answers here for all your lawn care needs. h�bbd```b``~ "��H&aɱ���\�`� �f;�]"9ρU��Un�^ ���} ? Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. 375 0 obj <>stream However, it does not grow well in deep shade. One of the best examples of different grass types can be found on a golf course or playing field. Blades have many equal-sized veins (no dominant mid vein) running lengthwise over the entire width of the leaf blade, leaf blade dull underneath, pointed leaf tip. These quick projects can make the difference between so-so and spectacular when it comes to fall grass — and next spring's lawn. that thrive in warm-weather regions, such as the Southern United States. f��U������@$C�T�"���6#�dԘb����@��L�Ɍ����螗 � � Like the name implies, they are very fine textured with needle-like blades. It grows from a very extensive system of rhizomes, underground stems that produce new plants. © 2002-2020 The Scotts Company LLC. (B) Auricles may be long and clasping, small or rudimentary, or absent. Examples of folded and rolled vernation. �\���{��h������;d��~׆4������N�H.����O�o�O��q�\{'E���tg�SR��Л��v`�,�9�SRu��7.��ԟ����t4���eTW�����/J؟V��`�r�x?m�GL�D�Ώ��t��SX��8���Ʀng� ����5\�5��[�e�;�~�{H ���0��y���"� X��p��h�����G�A Mainly found in California and Arizona, dichondra is often used for home lawns since it can be mowed like grass, and it forms a pleasing, dense turf. It grows in bunches, and is therefore not used very often in seed mixes. Find yours. Auricles are slender extensions of the collar and are located at the junction of the leaf blade and leaf sheath. Scotts Turf Builder Grass Seed Sun & Shade Mix thrives in sunny and shady areas and helps lawns stay green even under extreme conditions like dense shade or scorching sun. Its growth pattern follows a circular motion as it expands out from the center of the weed. Kentucky bluegrass will form the nicest lawn, but it has a very low shade tolerance. Before making important lawn management decisions, make sure that you can identify the turfgrass species present at the site. Also, it leaves a "whitish" cast when mowed. Rhizomatous, bunch, and stoloniferous growth habits. Its maintenance requirements (fertilizing, watering, mowing) are high. However, grass identification is critical for assessing the condition of range, pasture, and crops and for judging the progress of restoration of degraded grasslands. Kentucky bluegrass is one of the most popular types in the North. 3B). Some of these have been discussed in " The Cool Season Turfgrasses: Basic Structures, Growth and Development ". 0 endstream endobj 326 0 obj <>stream Although the grass may be greener on your side of the fence (if not, here’s help with that), turfgrasses are not all alike.

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