Available at: Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The environmental impact of dairy production: 1944 compared with 2007", https://www.cirad.fr/en/news/all-news-items/articles/2014/ca-vient-de-sortir/perspective-25-emergy-method-shows-the-efficiency-of-extensive-livestock-systems, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Extensive_farming&oldid=951388376, Articles needing additional references from May 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles needing additional references from February 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Updates? Black Friday Sale! Cropping Pattern of Extensive Farming 3. Extensive agriculture is distinguished from intensive agriculture in that the latter, employing large amounts of labour and capital, enables one to apply fertilizers, insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides and to plant, cultivate, and often harvest mechanically. Corrections? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In north-western Europe, this farm size remains lower than 50 hectares but in North American continent it exceeds over 200 hectares. In rest of the extensive farming region, productiv­ity often goes lower than intensive farming. Due to scarcity of human labour, wages became high, that prevents owners from employing larger labour force. Due to dearth of human labour, the entire operation of cultiva­tion is controlled by machines. Disclaimer 9. Extensive livestock production is an animal farming system characterised by a low productivity per animal and per surface. Less labour per unit areas is required to farm large areas, especially since expensive alterations to land (like terracing) are completely absent. Instead of human labour machines are applied for harvesting, thrashing etc. Per capita availability of land is much higher. Examples of intensive agriculture. It should be noted that land full of trees or rocks represent an obstacle to the free feeding of livestock. Thus population is scarce in agriculture or primary activity. Extensive Farming # Location: Contrary to intensive farming, extensive farming system is practiced in the low popula­tion density regions of U.S.A. […] labour, investment, machinery etc., in comparison to the land under cultivation. In Australia and New Zealand, dairy cows are kept without housing. It uses small amounts of inputs, capital, and labour compared to the farmed land area. Nomadic herding is an extreme example of extensive farming, where herders move their animals to use feed from occasional sunlight. Here, owing to the extreme age and poverty of the soils, yields per hectare are very low, but the flat terrain and very large farm sizes mean yields per unit of labour are high. It is not labour-intensive, rather it is highly capital-intensive. Productivity per unit of land remains low but efforts are always made to maximize productivity per unit area of land. One particular crop —mainly wheat—dominates the culti­vation. 90% of the extensive farming region concentrates only on one crop production. Due to low density of population and non-lucrative nature of agricultural system very few people are seriously interested in agriculture. In contrast to intensive farming — where the entire product is consumed by the cultivator himself—extensive farming is highly commercialized. The success of this activity is often determined by the physical and climatic conditions of the territory, as w… By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica.

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